Story about the NOx Fund

The Business Sector`s NOx Fund, also called the NOx Fund, works to reduce emissions in the business sector in order to fulfill Norway's obligations in the Gothenburg Protocol. The NOx Fund was established in 2008.

The NOx Fund

The NOx Fund was established in 2008 by 15 business organizations based on the NOx Agreement with the Norwegian authorities. Through the Agreement, the NOx Fund is to reduce NOx emissions in Norway and contribute to fulfilling Norway's commitments under the Gothenburg Protocol and the EU's emissions directive. The main task of the NOx Fund is to finance concrete NOx reduction measures. The Fund provides financial support to businesses to implement green technology and reduce NOx emissions. Investment support is provided for, among other things, electrification and other energy conversion, cleaning technologies and energy efficiency. The Fund has an annual income of about one billion NOK.


In 2007 the NOx tax was one of few environmental policy measures to reduce NOx emissions. In several industries, especially those with high NOx intensity and weak economy, the fiscal tax reduced the enterprises financial ability to implement measures. Fiscal tax alone therefore contributed to a small extent to measures to reduce NOx emissions. Consequently, this did not provide any basis for development and phasing-in of new technology. The fiscal NOx tax was introduced in 2007 at NOK 15 per kilo NOx. This became financial difficult for many enterprises. Therefore, several different business organisations together recommended a solution with a NOx Fund, instead of the fiscal tax, in order to achieve the highest environmental benefits in relation to accrued expenses for the enterprises. Negotiations started with the authorities about a NOx Agreement to make this possible.The NOx Fund accelerated efforts to cut NOx emissions by granting financial support to the industry to implement green technology.

An important motivation for entering into the agreements was to develop new and improved solutions for environmental technology in shipping and fishing, as well as to ensure implementation of the solutions in the market. Electrification of maritime activity using battery technology, LNG operation of ships and NOx cleaning with catalysts are examples of technologies with high volume triggered by the NOx Fund's support. Norwegian enterprises are today the world's leading suppliers and users of such technologies.

The NOx Fund has been important for the supplier industry. Support from the Fund has triggered an increase in demand for NOx-reducing technologies with NOK 14 billion since 2008, especially within the maritime sector where the largest share of the Fund's support has been granted. This has contributed to a Norwegian maritime industry with leading edge in an international market. Continuous stricter requirements for emissions from international shipping provide opportunities for the Norwegian supplier industry in a market that is significantly larger than the Norwegian.

Former Minister of Climate and Environment Ola Elvestuen stated when the NOx Agreement 2018-2025 was approved by the EFTA Surveillance Authority ESA "I would like to commend the business industries and the NOx Fund for their efforts to reduce emissions. The contributions from the NOx Fund have meant a lot for the introduction of low and zero emission technology such as LNG and electrical operation on ships." This statement is part of many statements by politicians and business leaders, which show a broad consensus that the NOx Fund is a good instrument.

Illustration of how the NOx Fund works